Plant Library

These are some of the plants we like to use in our garden designs and do well in our climate.  Some are a little tricky (ever had problems with boxwood?) and some are very dependable, but they all have something to offer.  Are you looking for lots of blooms or native habitat? You can browse the plants to find what you're looking for or post a question if something looks interesting.  And check back from time to time - the list is always growing!

Plants marked with an asterisk* are North American natives or cultivars of native species.

Trees - Evergreen

Carolina Cherrylaurel Prunus caroliniana*
Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana*
Holly, American
Ilex opaca*
Holly, Foster's
Ilex x attenuata 'Fosteri'*
Japanese Cedar
Cryptomeria Japonica
Loblolly Pine Pinus taeda*
Magnolia, Southern
Magonolia grandiflora*
Magnolia, Little Gem Magnolia grandiflora 'Little Gem'*

Trees - Deciduous

Bald Cypress Taxodium distichum*
Black Gum
Nyssa sylvatica*
Crapemyrtle Lagerstroemia spp.
Dogwood, Flowering
Cornus florida*
Dogwood, Kousa
Cornus kousa
Flowering Cherry
Prunus spp.
Fringetree Chionanthus virginicus*
Linden Tilia spp.*(some species)
London Plane Tree Platanus x acerifolia
Redbud Cersis canadensis*
Maple, Japanese
Acer palmatum
Maple, Red
Acer rubrum*
Magnolia, Sweetbay
Magnolia virginiana*
Oak, Red
Quercus rubra*
Oak, Willow
Quercus phellow*
River Birch
Betula nigra*
Serviceberry Amalanchier spp.*
Snowbell Styrax japonicus
Sourwood Oxydendron arboreum*
Tulip Poplar Liriodendron tulipifera*
Yellowwood Cladrastis kentuckea*

Shrubs - Evergreen

Abelia Abelia x grandiflora
Anisetree  Illicium parviflorum*
Aucuba Aucuba japonica 'Variegata'
Rhododendron spp.*(some species)
Buxus spp.
Camellia spp.
Chamaecyparis Chamaecyparis sp.
Gardenia Gardenia jasminoides
Holly, Burford Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'
Holly, Carissa Ilex cornuta 'Carissa'
Holly, Inkberry
Ilex glabra*
Holly, Nellie R. Stevens Ilex x 'Nellie R. Stevens'
Holly, Dwarf Yaupon Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'
Holly, Yaupon
Ilex vomitoria*
Indian Hawthorn Raphiolepis umbellata
Japanese Plum Yew
Cephalotaxus harringtonia
Juniper Juniperus spp. *(some species)
Juniper, Dwarf Juniperus spp. *(some species)
Laurel, Otto Luyken Prunus laurocerasus 'Otto Luyken'
Laurel, Schipka Prunus laurocerasus 'Schipkaensis'
Loropetalum Loropetalum chinense
Nandina Nandina domestica
Osmanthus Osmanthus spp.
Japanese Pieris Pieris japonica
Viburnum, Chindo Viburnum awabuki 'Chindo'
Wax Myrtle Myrica cerifera*
Yucca Yucca spp.*(some species)

Shrubs - Deciduous

Beautyberry Callicarpa americana*
Chastetree Vitex agnus-castus
Deutzia Deutzia gracilis
Fothergilla Fothergilla gardenii*
Harry Lauder's Walkingstick Corylus avellana 'Contorta'
Holly, Winterberry
Ilex verticillata*
Hydrangea, Mophead
Hydrangea macrophylla
Hydrangea, Lacecap
Hydrangea macrophylla
Hydrangea, Oakleaf
Hydrangea quercifolia*
Ninebark Physocarpus opulifolius*
Paperbush Edgeworthia papyrifera
Red Chokeberry Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliantissima'*
Rose Rosa spp.
Spiraea Spiraea spp.
St. John's Wort Hypericum sp.
Summersweet Clethra alnifolia*
Sweetshrub Calycanthus floridus*
Sweetspire Itea virginica*
Viburnum, Arrowwood Viburnum dentatum*
Viburnum, Doublefile Viburnum plicatum var. tomentosum
Witchhazel Hamamelis spp.*(some species)


Epimedium spp.
Beardtongue Penstemon spp.*
Black-eyed Susan
Rudbeckia fulgida*
Blanket Flower Gaillardia spp.
Bluestar Amsonia spp.*
Butterfly Weed Asclepias tuberosa*
Catmint Nepeta spp.
Coneflower Echinacea purpurea*
Coral Bells Heuchera spp.*
Daylily Hererocallis spp.
False Indigo Baptisia australis*
Fern, Autumn Dryopteris errythrosora
Fern, Christmas
Polystichum acrostichoides
Foamflower Tiarella spp.*
Gaura Gaura lindheimeri*
Helleborus orientalis
Hosta Hosta spp.
Iris, Bearded
Iris spp.
Iris, Siberian Iris siberica
Salvia Salvia spp.*(some species)
Sea Holly Eryngium sp.
Shasta Daisy Leucanthemum x superbum
Stokes Aster Stokesia laevis*
Stonecrop Sedum spp.
Solomon's Seal Polygonatum odoratum
Tickseed Coreopsis*


Fescue Festuca arundinaceae
Fountain Grass
Pennisetum alopecuroides
Hybrid Bermuda
Cynodon dactylon
Maiden Grass Miscanthus spp.
Purple Muhly Muhlenbergia capillaris*
Switchgrass Panicum virgatum*
Zoysia japonica


In some cases, groundcovers can include perennials and even shrubs. To learn more, take a look at this article on the different ways groundcovers can be used.>>

Ajuga Ajuga reptans
Liriope, clumping Liriope muscari
Liriope, spreading Liriope spicata
Mondo Grass Ophiopogon japonicus
Mondo Grass, Dwarf Ophiopogon japonicus 'Nana'
Moss various species
Pachysandra terminalis
Periwinkle Vinca minor
Vinca  Vinca major


American Wisteria Wisteria frutescens*
Carolina Jessamine Gelsemium sempervirens*
Climbing Hydrangea
Hydrange anomola subsp. petiolaris
Coral Honeysuckle Lonicera sempervirens*
Hydrangea Vine
Schizophragma hydrangeoides 'Moonlight'

What type of groundcover should I use?

Click here to find out what might work best for you.

How big will my plants be?

Click here to find out about the plant sizes we use.

H&G's Recent Questions

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Hertzler & George

is a design, build and maintenance firm in Williamsburg, Virginia dedicated to the development of extraordinary gardens and properties.

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Hertzler & George

GreenGuard Associates, Inc

PO Box 457

Williamsburg, VA 23187-0457

tel: (757) 229-9668

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